Kastamonu Üniversitesi Sivil Havacılık Yüksekokulu Havacılık Yönetimi Bölümü
Hasan Kalyoncu Üniversitesi İktisadi, İdari ve Sosyal Bilimler Fakültesi

Published 2019-01-03

How to Cite

YILDIZ, B., & ÇETİNDAŞ, A. (2019). THE MEDIATING ROLE OF SUPPLY CHAIN AGILITY IN THE EFFECT OF STRATEGIC RESOURCE USAGE ON THE COMPANY PERFORMANCE. Business & Management Studies: An International Journal, 6(4), 878–897. https://doi.org/10.15295/bmij.v6i4.379


In this study, the effects of strategic resource utilization on supply chain agility and firm performance were examined. In addition, the impact of supply chain agility on firm performance was analyzed. For this purpose, the data was collected from 115 companies among Turkey's top 1000 exporters with survey technique.  Initially, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and reliability analysis were conducted to test the construction validity and reliability of the scales used. To test the research hypotheses, the data obtained from 115 companies were analyzed by the structural equation model. As a result of the analyzes, it was found that the use of strategic resource significantly affected the supply chain agility and firm performance. Supply chain agility was also found to have a significant effect on firm performance. The study also explored the role of supply chain agility as a mediator in the impact of strategic resource utilization on firm performance. As a result of the mediation test, it was found that supply chain agility has a partial mediation role.


Download data is not yet available.


  1. Baron R.M. ve Kenny D.A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,51, 1173-1182
  2. Belussia F., Sammarrab A., Sedita S.R. (2010). Learning at the boundaries in an “Open Regional Innovation System”: A focus on firms’ innovation strategies in the Emilia Romagna life science industry. Research Policy 39 (2010) 710–721
  3. Bidhandi R.A. ve Changiz Valmohammadi C., (2017). Effects of supply chain agility on profitability, Business Process Management Journal, Vol. 23 Issue: 5, pp.1064-1082.
  4. Blome, C., Schoenherr, T. ve Rexhausen, D. (2013) Antecedents and enablers of supply chain agility and its effect on performance: a dynamic capabilities perspective, International Journal of Production Research, 51:4, 1295-1318,
  5. Carr, A. S. ve Pearson, J. N. (1999), “Strategically managed buyer–supplier relationships and performance outcomes”, Journal of Operations Management, Vol. 17, pp. 497-519.
  6. Carr, A. S. ve Pearson, J. N. (2002), “The impact of purchasing and supplier involvement on strategic purchasing and its impact on firm's performance”, International Journal of Operations and Production Management, Vol. 22, pp. 1032-1053.
  7. Carr, A.S. ve Smeltzer, L. (1999), “The relationship of strategic purchasing to supply chain management”, European Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, Vol. 5, pp. 43-51.
  8. Chan, A.T.L., Ngai, E.W.T. ve Moon, K.K.L. (2017). The effects of strategic and manufacturing flexibilities and supply chain agility on firm performance in the fashion industry. European Journal of Operational Research 259:486–499
  9. Chan T.C.T. ve Chin K.S., (2007) "Key success factors of strategic sourcing: An empirical study of the Hong Kong toy industry", Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 107 Issue: 9, pp.1391-1416.
  10. Chen, I. J., Paulraj, A. ve Lado, A. A. (2004), “Strategic purchasing, supply management, and firm performance”, Journal of Operations Management, Vol. 22, pp. 505-523.
  11. Chiang, C.Y., Kocabasoglu-Hillmer, C. ve Suresh, N. (2012). An empirical investigation of the impact of strategic sourcing and flexibility on firm's supply chain agility. International Journal of Operations and Production Management, 32(1-2), pp. 49-78.
  12. Çalışkan, A., Karacasulu, M. T. ve Öztürkoğlu, Y. (2016). Hızlı Moda Markalarında Çevik ve Esnek Tedarik Zinciri Yönetimi. MCBÜ Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 14:4, S. 49-74
  13. DeGroote, S.E. ve Marx, T.G. (2013). The impact of IT on supply chain agility and firm performance: Anempirical investigation. International Journal of Information Management 33 909– 916
  14. De Guimarães, J. C. F., Severo, E. A., Dorion, E. C. H., Coallier, F. ve Olea, P. M. (2016). The use of organisational resources for product innovation and organisational performance: a survey of the Brazilian furniture industry. International Journal of Production Economics, 180, 135–147.
  15. Gligor, D. M., Esmark. C. L. ve Holcomb, M. C. (2015). Performance outcomes of supply chain agility: When should you be agile? Journal of Operations Management 33:34, S.71–82
  16. Gligor, D.M., ve Holcomb, M.C,. (2012). Antecedents and Consequences of Supply Chain Agility: Establishing the Link to Firm Performance. Journal of Business Logistics, 33(4): 295–308
  17. Goldman, S.L., Nagel, R.N. and Preiss, K. (1994), Agile Competitors and Virtual Organizations: Strategies for Enriching the Customer, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, NY.
  18. Gürbüz, S. ve Şahin, F. (2016). Sosyal bilimlerde araştırma yöntemleri felsefe, yöntem, analiz (3. bs.). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.
  19. Hawkins T.G., Nissen M.E., Rene G. Rendon R.G. (2014) "Leveraging strategic sourcing and knowledge management to improve the acquisition of knowledgebased services", Journal of Public Procurement, Vol. 14 Issue: 2, pp.215-251.
  20. Hwang, D., Yang, M. G. M. ve Hong, P. (2015). Mediating effect of IT-enabled capabilities on competitive performance outcomes: An empirical investigation of ERP implementation. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 36, 1–23.
  21. Inman, R.A., Sale, R.S., Green Jr., K.W. ve Whitten, D., 2011. Agile manufacturing: rela-tion to JIT, operational performance and firm performance. J. Oper. Manage. 29(4), 343–355.
  22. Jennings, J., ve Haughton, L. (2002). It's not the BIG that eat the SMALL... it's the FAST that eat the SLOW: How to Use Speed as a Competitive Tool in Business. Harper Collins.
  23. Jin, B. ve Farr, C.A. (2010), “Supplier selection criteria and perceived benefits and challenges of global sourcing apparel firms in the United States”, Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal, Vol. 39 No. 1, pp. 31‐44.
  24. Kafetzopoulos, D., Gotzamani, K. ve Psomas, E. (2013). Quality systems and competitive performance of food companies. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 20(4), 463–483.
  25. Kafetzopoulos, D., Gotzamani, K. ve Gkana, V. (2015). Relationship between quality management, innovation and competitiveness. Evidence from Greek companies. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 26(8), 1177–1200.
  26. Kang, M., Wu, X. ve Hong, P. (2009), “Strategic outsourcing practices of multi‐national corporations (MNCs) in China”, Strategic Outsourcing: An International Journal, Vol. 2 No. 3, pp. 240‐56.
  27. Karagöz, Y. (2016). SPSS ve AMOS 23 uygulamalı istatistiksel analizler (1. bs.). Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık.
  28. Khan, A.K. ve Pillania, R.K. (2008) "Strategic sourcing for supply chain agility and firms' performance: A study of Indian manufacturing sector", Management Decision, Vol. 46 Issue: 10, pp.1508-1530
  29. Kim, M., Suresh, N. ve Kocabasoglu-Hillmer, C. (2015). A contextual analysis of the impact of strategic sourcing and E-procurement on performance. Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing, 30(1), pp. 1-18.
  30. Kim M. ve Chai S. (2017). The impact of supplier innovativeness, information sharing and strategic sourcing on improving supply chain agility: Global supply chain perspective. International Journal of Production Economics 187 (2017) 42–52.
  31. Landale K.A.F., Apte A., Rendon R.G., Salmerón J. (2018) "Using analytics to inform category management and strategic sourcing", Journal of Defense Analytics and Logistics, https://doi.org/10.1108/JDAL-06-2017-0010.
  32. Liu H., Weiling Ke W., Wei K.K., Hua Z. (2013). The impact of IT capabilities on firm performance: The mediating roles of absorptive capacity and supply chain agility. Decision Support Systems 54 (2013) 1452–1462.
  33. Mason, S. J., M. H. Cole, B. T. Ulrey ve L. Yan (2002), "Improving electronics manufacturing supply chain agility through outsourcing", International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, Vol.32 No.7, pp.610 - 620.
  34. Narasimhan, R. ve Das, A. (1999a). An Empirical Investigation of the Contribution of Strategic Sourcing to Manufacturing Flexibilities and Performance. Decision Sciences Volume 30 Number 3
  35. Narasimhan, R. ve Das, A. (1999b), "Manufacturing agility and supply chain management practices", Production & Inventory Management Journal, Vol.40 No.1, pp.7 - 10.
  36. Nayyar, P.R. ve Bantel, K.A. (1994), “Competitive agility: a source of competitive advantage based on speed and variety”, Advances in Strategic Management, Vol. 10 No. 1, pp. 193-222.
  37. Paulraj, A. ve Chen, I.J. (2007a), “Environmental uncertainty and strategic supply management: a resource dependence perspective and performance implications”, Journal of Supply Chain Management, Vol. 43 No. 3, pp. 29‐42.
  38. Paulraj, A. ve Chen, I.J. (2007), "Strategic buyer-supplier relationships, information technology and external logistics integration", Journal of Supply Chain Management, Vol.43 No.2, pp.2 - 14.
  39. Sanchez A.M. ve Leo F.L., (2018) "Supply chain agility: a mediator for absorptive capacity", Baltic Journal of Management, Vol. 13 Issue: 2, pp.264-278.
  40. Sinha, P., Akoorie, M.E.M., Ding, Q. ve Wu, Q. (2011), “What motivates manufacturing SMEs to outsource offshore in China?: comparing the perspectives of SME manufacturers and their suppliers”,Strategic Outsourcing: An International Journal, Vol. 4 No. 1, pp. 67‐88.
  41. Su, J. ve Gargeya, V.B. (2012). Strategic sourcing, sourcing capability and firm performance in the U.S. textile and apparel industry. Strategic Outsourcing: An International Journal, 5(2): 145-165.
  42. Su J., (2013) "Strategic sourcing in the textile and apparel industry", Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 113 Issue: 1, pp.23-38.
  43. Swafford, P. M., Ghosh, S., ve Murthy, N. (2008). Achieving supply chain agilitythrough IT integration and flexibility. International Journal of Production Eco-nomics, 116, 288–297.
  44. Swafford P.M., Ghosh S., Murthy N. (2006). The antecedents of supply chain agility of a firm: Scale development and model testing. Journal of Operations Management 24 (2006) 170–188.
  45. Tallon, P. P. ve Pinsonneault, A. (2011). Competing perspectives on the link between strategic information technology alignment and organizational agility: insights from a mediation model. MIS Quarterly, 35(2), ss.463-486.
  46. Tan, K.C., Lyman, S.B. ve Wisner, J.D. (2002), “Supply chain management: a strategic perspective”,International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 22 No. 6, pp. 614‐31.
  47. Teece, D.J., Pisano, G. ve Shuen, A. (1997), “Dynamic capabilities and strategic management” Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 18 No. 7, pp. 509-33.
  48. Um J. (2017). Improving supply chain flexibility and agility through variety management", The International Journal of Logistics Management, Vol. 28 Issue: 2, pp.464-487.
  49. Vazquez-Bustelo, D., Avella, L. ve Fernandez, E., 2007. Agility drivers, enablers andoutcomes: empirical test of an integrated agile manufacturing model. Int. J. Oper.Prod. Manage. 27 (12), 1303–1332.
  50. Vickery, S.K., Droge, C., Setia, P. ve Sambamurthy, V. (2010). Supply chain information technologies and organisational initiatives: complementary versus independent effects on agility and firm performance. International Journal of Production Research, 48 (23),7025–7042.
  51. Yang, J. (2014). Supply chain agility: Securing performance for Chinese manufacturers. Int. J.ProductionEconomics150:104–113
  52. Yusuf, Y., ve Adeleye, E. (2002). A comparative study of lean and agile manu-facturing with a related survey of current practices in the UK. InternationalJournal of Production Research, 40(17), 4545–4562.