Editorial and Publication Process

Business & Management Studies: An International Journal (BMIJ) publishes original research and review articles in business and management sciences. BMIJ Journal passes through a two-stage article evaluation process consisting of pre-review and referee review of the articles submitted for publication application. During the preliminary review phase, the relevant articles are included in the referee review process. In the referee review process carried out in double-blind refereeing, referees who are experts in the article and have in-depth studies in the relevant field are assigned. For this purpose, a meticulous referee research effort is carried out during the referee appointment process.

Article Pre-Review Process:

1. Plagiarism Screening Phase (The Day for Article Submission)

Business & Management Studies: An International Journal (BMIJ) is the first to search for plagiarism in article submissions.

As a result of online scanning with the iThenticate program, two issues are considered regarding the plagiarism rate. The first of these issues is the general rate of plagiarism related to the study. This ratio is required to be below 20%. The second issue is the details in the plagiarism report. Regardless of the study's general plagiarism rate, the citation rate from any study should not be 3% or more in the plagiarism report. After the plagiarism screening, both the general plagiarism rate should be less than 20%, and the plagiarism rate per source in the plagiarism report should be less than 3%. If one or both cannot be provided, the authors are asked to revise their work considering the plagiarism report rates and the information in the section titled Plagiarism Detection (https://bmij.org/index.php/1/plag).

Authors can send the revision works to the journal editor by e-mail without applying for a new article by making the necessary revisions. The revised study will be re-screened for plagiarism, and if the conditions are met, the study will have passed the plagiarism screening phase. If the conditions are not met, the study will be rejected.

Plagiarism screening of the article is made on the day of application in article applications. If the study's plagiarism report is in line with the journal criteria, the next step, the Article Pre-Review (Scientific Qualification) Stage, is passed on the day of application. If the plagiarism report is unsuitable, the situation is notified to the authors, and the first stage process continues.

2. Paper Pre-Review (Scientific Competency) Stage (Within 3 Days After Article Submission)

After the submitted article passes the plagiarism screening stage, it is taken to the Pre-Review (Scientific Competency) Stage to measure its scientific competence before its acceptance to the Referee Review Process. At this stage, articles are pre-reviewed based on the following criteria:

 

- Compliance with the aims and scope of the journal,

- Compliance with BMIJ Publishing and Writing Rules,

- Originality, innovation or importance level,

- Study Design (Statistics, Model, Analysis, Justification…)

- The attractiveness of the study for the magazine readership,

- The linguistics and understandability level of the study,

- Language of the study (Priority is given to articles written in English.)

- Format of the study (IMRAD format or Traditional format. Studies prepared in IMRAD format are given priority.)

- Recommendations to managers, business or other external stakeholders (Studies containing recommendations are given priority.)

As a result of the pre-review, the articles are either taken into the referee review process, and at least two (2) - usually three (3) - referees are appointed. Alternatively, they are rejected by an editorial decision. The following situations can be given as examples of the reasons for the rejection of the studies at the pre-review stage:

- Studies in which university students were taken as samples

- Studies that only include scale development and validation

- Meta-analysis, content and profile analysis was carried out with a small research group and examples of specific studies with Turkey

- Studies without a clear and valid research question

Referee Review Process:

Expert referees in the study field are identified at this stage. An invitation to arbitrate is sent, and at least two (2) - usually three (3) - referees are appointed. The invitation to referee includes deadlines for accepting the invitation and, if accepted, for evaluating the work. Possible referees are expected to respond positively or negatively to this invitation within seven days. The invitation to arbitrate is withdrawn from potential arbitrators who do not accept the invitation to arbitrate or take any action within the given 7-day period. Invitations are sent to new potential referees until the number of referees who accept the invitation to arbitrate reaches at least 2, usually 3.

The referee teachers who accept the referee invitation are given a maximum of 30 days to complete the article evaluation. If the task is not completed at the end of this period, reminder messages are sent to our referee teachers. If there is no request for additional time by the referee or if the refereeing task is not completed despite two reminders sent every five days, the task is cancelled. If the referees request additional time and the evaluation period, the editor gives additional time to the referees, taking into account the article's evaluation process. When a referee's task is completed, a "Referee Appreciation Certificate" is sent to the referees by the journal editor.

If all the referees assigned to an article have decided on the article before the 30 days determined for the evaluation process, the editorial decision can be made when the final review is completed.

The referee decisions and evaluation reports are carefully examined, and the editorial decision is taken. If two referees are appointed in an article and one referee has made a favourable decision, and the other has made an adverse decision, then a third referee is appointed. The editorial decision is made taking into account the decision of the third referee. If there is a difference between the referees' decisions about the article and the evaluation reports, the evaluation reports are carefully examined, and the referee's opinion about the article is tried to be determined.

BMIJ Journal tries to be as careful, meticulous and sensitive as possible to evaluate the articles entering the referee evaluation process most accurately and objectively and be bound to the editorial decision.

Our referees, who took part in the Referee Review Process, are asked to evaluate the articles according to the following criteria:

 

GENERAL STRUCTURE

Readability of the paper,

Focus/clarity of expression,

Grammar, spelling and punctuation,

Using the APA 6 format,

Abstract quality

 

INTRODUCTION-LITERATURE

Appropriateness of the English title of the paper,

Reviewing up-to-date and relevant literature on the subject being studied,

Explaining the purpose of the study, problematic, research questions and justifying the research design.

 

METHODOLOGY

Methodology, compatibility of the methodology with the research subject, appropriateness of the research design,

Appropriateness or errors of the methodology,

Research tools (valid and reliable), data collection method,

Compliance with data analysis (quantitative and qualitative analysis) with research questions.

 

RESULTS

Appropriateness of the findings by the purpose of the study,

The relationship of the findings with the research problematic,

Are the findings commented on? (the findings are expected to be written without comments)

Consistency of the findings with the analysis results,

 

CONCLUSION, DISCUSSION AND SUGGESTIONS

The conclusion part is written based on the research problem,

The results include the most important findings obtained in line with the analyzes,

Statement of support or non-support of the hypotheses (if applicable)

Comparing the results with similar studies in the literature,

The recommendations are based on the findings of the research,

Suggestions for further researches,

Recommendations to managers, business or other external stakeholders (optional).

 

GENERAL CONSIDERATION

Interesting and noteworthy aspects of the article,

Contribution to the related scientific areas,

Critical flows of the study (logical, methodological, analytical, ethical or other) preventing this article from being published.

 

Referee Decision Recommendations And Explanations

Referee Decision Recommendation

Editor Decision

Explanations

Accept Submission

Accept Submission

The reviewed study is accepted for publication. There is no need for correction.

Revisions Required

Revisions Required

After reviewing the article, the referee asks for revisions. The referee does not have to review the article again. The editor is expected to accept submission after checking the revisions.

Resubmit for New Review Process

Resubmit for New Review Process

The referee detects the parts that need to be corrected. The referee wants the article to re-review after the revisions of the author. Following the re-reviewing, the referee could decide either "accept submission" or "decline submission".

Decline Submission

Decline Submission

The referee declines the article due to various reasons. The referee lists his/her reasons for the decline.  The editor may decline an article as well, providing the referee with the justifications. The editor may also recommend the author send the article to another journal for publication.

 

In the referee review process, to evaluate the referees' correction requests more efficiently, a form called the BMIJ Response Letter Form includes the revisions made in response to the referees' correction requests and the author's comments from the authors. In this form, the authors state whether they can make the desired corrections, if they did, their explanations about the correction, and if they did not (a), why (a) they did not. Authors are required to upload the BMIJ Response Letter Form to the journal system with their revised studies.

On the day that all referees' reviews are completed, an editorial decision is made, and the authors are informed about the article. In case of revision requests that the referees do not want to see again, the authors are given a maximum of 10 days to complete the revision and upload it to the journal system. In the revision request that the referees want to re-evaluate, the authors are asked to complete the revision within a maximum of 15 days and upload it to the journal system. At the end of these periods, two reminder messages are sent to the authors every five days. If the authors want additional time, additional time can be given according to the editor's decision. If there is no return after two reminders from the authors, the editorial decision rejects the studies. On the day of the revision of the article from the authors, if the referees will make a re-review, they are directed to the referees, if the referees will not review the revision, that is, if the editor will review and decide on the revision, the review is completed as soon as possible (usually one day), and the editor's decision is made. If the referees will make a re-review according to the revision request decision they made after the first evaluation, a 7-day review period is allowed in this process. In re-reviews, referees are given a 7-day review period for each review round.

The referee review processes of the articles are finalized for not less than 21 days.

 

Editing Process:

The BMIJ Journal Secretariat communicates with the authors during the publication preparation process of accepted articles. This process begins with the authors' editing their articles according to the BMIJ Journal Article Layout Template and uploading them to the journal system. Language control of the Extended Abstract sections of English and Turkish articles is carried out at this stage. The BMIJ Journal Secretariat carries out minor corrections after the language check. Authors are consulted for significant corrections. During the preparation for publication, the Secretariat of the BMIJ Journal can correspond several times with the authors to give the articles ready for publication. When the articles are ready for publication at the last stage, the authors are asked to check the ready-for-publication state of their work for the last time with the title "Pre-Publication Final Check". In the "Pre-Publication Final Check" stage, it is conveyed to the authors that the journal issue cannot be modified after publication, and they are asked to check their articles carefully for the last time. After the authors' final approval, the articles are made ready for the issue to be published.