Article Submission Guide

Business & Management Studies: An International Journal (BMIJ) publishes original research and review articles in business and management sciences. Authors who wish to publish articles in BMIJ Journal should check that their work is included in at least one of the fields on the BMIJ Journal Aims and Scope page. BMIJ Journal passes through a two-stage article review process consisting of pre-review and referee review of the articles submitted for publication application. First, the relevant articles are included in the referee evaluation process during the preliminary evaluation phase. In the referee evaluation process, which is carried out as a double-blind review, referees who are experts in the article and have in-depth studies in the relevant field are assigned. For this purpose, a meticulous referee research effort is carried out during the referee appointment process.

The article word file must be prepared in article submissions according to the BMIJ Journal submission template file. You can visit for the article application template file. In addition, BMIJ Journal has adopted the APA 6 Rules as the reference format for the articles. Therefore, when preparing your studies for the application process, please prepare them according to APA 6 Rules.

Article Pre-Review Process:

1. Plagiarism Screening Phase (The Day for Article Submission)

Business & Management Studies: An International Journal (BMIJ) is the first to search for plagiarism in article submissions.

Due to online scanning with the iThenticate program, two issues regarding the plagiarism rate are considered. The first of these issues is the general plagiarism rate related to the study. This ratio is required to be below 20%. The second issue is the details in the plagiarism report. Regardless of the study's general plagiarism rate, in the plagiarism report, the citation rate from any study should not be 3% or more. After the plagiarism screening, the general plagiarism rate should be less than 20%, and the plagiarism rate per source in the plagiarism report should be less than 3%. If one or both cannot be provided, the authors are asked to revise their work considering the plagiarism report rates and the information in the section titled Plagiarism Detection (

Authors can send the revision works to the journal's editor by e-mail without applying for a new article by making the necessary revisions. The revised study will be re-screened for plagiarism, and if the conditions are met, the study will have passed the plagiarism screening phase. If the conditions are not met, the study will be rejected.

Plagiarism screening of the article is made on the day of application in article applications. If the study's plagiarism report is in line with the journal criteria, the next step, the Article Pre-Evaluation (Scientific Qualification) Stage, is passed on the day of application. However, if the plagiarism rate is not suitable, the authors notify the situation, and the first stage process continues.

2. Paper Pre-Review (Scientific Competency) Stage (Within 3 Days After Article Submission)

After the submitted article passes the plagiarism screening stage, it is taken to the article Pre-Evaluation (Scientific Competency) Stage to measure its scientific competence before its acceptance to the Referee Evaluation Process. At this stage, articles are pre-evaluated based on the following criteria:

 - Compliance with the aims and scope of the journal,

- Compliance with BMIJ Publishing and Writing Rules,

- Originality, innovation or importance level,

- Study Design (Statistics, Model, Analysis, Justification…)

- The attractiveness of the study for the magazine readership,

- The linguistics and understandability level of the study,

- Language of the study (Priority is given to articles written in English.)

- Format of the study (IMRAD format or Traditional format. Studies prepared in IMRAD format are given priority.)

- Recommendations to managers, business or other external stakeholders (Studies containing recommendations are given priority.)

As a result of the pre-evaluation, the articles are either taken into the referee evaluation process or at least two (2) - usually, three (3) - referees are appointed. Alternatively, they are rejected by an editorial decision. The following situations can be given as examples of the reasons for the rejection of the studies at the pre-evaluation stage:

- Studies in which university students were taken as samples,

- Studies that only include scale development and validation,

- Meta-analysis, content and profile analysis was carried out with a small research group and examples of specific studies with Turkey,

- Studies without a clear and valid research question.