Vol. 9 No. 4 (2021): Business & Management Studies: An International Journal

A conceptual study on the theoretical framework of transformational and transactional leadership models

Ufuk Başar
Assist. Prof. Dr., İstanbul Ticaret University, İstanbul, Turkey
Murat Yalçıntaş
Prof. Dr., İstanbul Ticaret University, İstanbul, Turkey
Necla Öykü İyigün
Prof. Dr., İstanbul Ticaret University, İstanbul, Turkey

Published 2021-12-25

How to Cite

Başar, U., Yalçıntaş, M., & İyigün, N. Öykü. (2021). A conceptual study on the theoretical framework of transformational and transactional leadership models. Business & Management Studies: An International Journal, 9(4), 1708–1720. https://doi.org/10.15295/bmij.v9i4.1897


This study aimed to explain the theoretical bases of transformational and transactional leadership models applied by managers operating in public and private organizations. Both public and private organizations should be managed by influential leaders to survive and achieve their goals productively. Transformational and transactional leadership models make significant contributions to the effectiveness and efficiency of organizations. In this respect, it is essential to understand the intellectual structure that underpins transformational and transactional leadership models. Therefore, in this review, a theoretical framework that helps conceive the formation process of transformational and transactional leadership models and provides a ground for them is constructed through a qualitative approach and a comprehensive literature search. In addition, implications for practice and research are made by discussing the theoretical bases of transformational and transactional leadership models.


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