The effect of OHS costs on accident severity rate in the construction industry
- İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği, Maliyetler, Kaza Şiddet Oranı, İnşaat Sektörü
- Occupational Health and Safety, Costs, Accident Severity Rate, Construction Industry
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Due to its dynamic nature, rapid technology change, uneducated employees, harsh working conditions, many work accidents, and heavy consequences of accidents, occupational health and safety (OHS) practices are essential in the construction industry. However, occupational Health and Safety measures in the construction industry come with additional costs. Therefore, employers who have to bear a cost to take OHS measures may consider OHS costs unnecessary without considering the costs they will bear after work accidents and occupational diseases. This research aims to estimate the optimal costs of OHS budgets to reduce the number of accidents with lost time injury and whether the carried costs for occupational health and safety in the construction industry impact the lost time injuries. Therefore, OHS costs in the construction industry are grouped into eight categories: fire, work equipment, electricity, health, personal protective equipment, general equipment, training and occupational health and safety service costs. This research is based on the standard unit costs set for the 8 OHS criteria required by the OHS laws, accident severity rates and actual unit costs that the projects have carried for five years for the construction of 15 buildings with 220.000 m2- 500.000 m2 indoor space which is located in Istanbul Turkey, started in 2013 and completed in 2017. Since the research was conducted before January 1, 2020, there is no requirement for an ethics committee permission document. According to the research results, as the costs of occupational health and safety services, fire and training increased, accident severity rates has decreased. However, the impact of other variables on accident severity rates was not statistically significant. Thus, construction enterprises that want to decrease the accident severity rates in their projects need to emphasise occupational health and safety services, fire, and training criteria.
- Abdioğlu, Z. & Uysal, T. (2013). Türkiye'de Bölgeler Arası Yakınsama: Panel Birim Kök Analizi. Ataturk University Journal of the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences 27(3,2), pp. 125-143.
- Barbieri, L. (2005). Panel Unit Root Tests: A Review. Quadernı Del Dıpartımento Dı Scıenze Economıche E Socıalı.:43 (1-55).
- Bird, F. (1974) Management Guide to Loss Control. Institute Press, Loganville, Georgia, ABD.
- Briesemeister J. K. (2018). Managing Complex Construction Projects, (2018): A Systems Approach, Auerbach Publications, Broken Sound Parkway NW.
- Brody, B., Letourneau, Y. & Poirier, A. (1990). An indirect cost theory of work accident prevention. Journal of Occupational Accidents, 13, 255-270.
- Bütüner, O. & Uzun, D. (2010). ‘İş Kazalarının Maliyetleri ve Hesaplamaları Üzerine Bir Araştırma’ MYO-OS 2010- National Vocational Schools Student Symposium, Düzce.
- Ceylan, H. (2012). “Türkiye’deki İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği Eğitimi Sorunlar ve Çözüm Önerileri”, Electronic Journal of Vocational Colleges. Volume: 2(2), 2012, pp. 94-104.
- Cohen, A. (1977). Factors in successful occupational safety programs. Journal of Safety Research, 9, 168 – 178
- Engle, R. F. & Granger. C. W. J. (1987). Co-Integration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation and Testing. Econometrica 55: 251–76
- Everett J. G. & Frank Jr., P. B. (1996). Costs of accidents and ınjuries to the construction ındustry, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 122, Issue 2, June 1996).
- Feng, Y. & Teo, A. L. (2009). Safety investment and safety performance of building projects in Singapore. Proceedings of CIB W099 International Conference Working Together: Planning, Designing and Building a Healthy and Safe Construction Industry, 21-23 October 2009, Melbourne, Australia.
- Gerek, N. (1998). Türkiye'de İşçi Sağlığı ve İş Güvenliği, Türk-Metal Sendikası Yayını, sy.12, Ankara
- Gujarati, D. N. (2003). Basic Econometrics, Fourth Edition McGraw Hill.
- Gujarati, D. N. (2004) Basic Econometrics. 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill Companies.
- Gürcanlı, G. E., Bilir, M, S. & Sevim, M. (2015). Activity-Based Risk Assessment and Safety Cost Estimation For Residential Building Construction Projects. Safety Science, vol.80, 1-12.
- Heinrich, H. W. (1931). Industrial Accident Prevention: A Scientific Approach. McGraw-Hill, New York.
- Ikpe, E. (2011), Improving Construction Health and Safety: Application of Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) for Accident Prevention, The International Journal of Construction Management, Vol. 11 No. 1, 19-35.
- Keskin, Y. (2016)
- İş Kazası Sıklık ve Ağırlık Oranı Nasıl Hesaplanır? (Date of access: 12.07.2019).
- Khan, S. (2011). www.khanacademy.org. <https://tr.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/gdp-topic/real-nominal-gdp-tutorial/v/example-calculating-real-gdp-with-a-deflator, (Date of access: 15.04.2019).
- Koç, M. & Akbıyık, N . (2011). Türkiye’de İş Kazalarının Maliyetleri ve Çözüm Önerileri . Akademik Yaklaşımlar Dergisi , 2 (2) , 129-175 . Retrieved from
- Kök, R. & Şimşek, N. (2005). Panel Veri Analizi Panel Veri Analizi. http://debis.deu.edu.tr/userweb//recep.kok/dosyalar/panel2.pdf, (Date of access: 08.04.2019).
- Loosemore, M. & Andonakis, N. (2007). Barriers to implementing OHS reforms – the experiences of small subcontractors in the Australian construction industry. International Journal of Project Management 25 (6), 579–588.
- López, A., M., Ibarrondo-Dávila, M. P., Rubio-Gámez, M. C., & Munoz, T. G. (2013). “The impact of health and safety investment on construction company costs”. Safety science, 60, 151-159,
- Miller, T. R. (1997). Estimating the Costs of Injury to U.S. Employers. J Saf Res., 28(1):1–13.
- Montero, M.J., Araque, R.A. & Rey, J.M. (2009). Occupational health and safety in the framework of corporate social responsibility. Safety Science. 47 (10), 1440– 1445.
- SGK, (2018). SGK, Social Security Institution Statistics Yearbook http://www.sgk.gov.tr/wps/portal/tr/kurumsal/istatistikler/sgk_istatistik_yilliklari
- Smith, R. S. (1979). The impact of OSHA inspections on manufacturing injury rates. Journal of Human Resources, 14, 145 – 170
- Tang, S.L., Lee, H.K. & Wong, K. (1997). Safety cost optimization of building projects in Hong Kong. Construction Management and Economics, 15, 177-186.
- Tari, R. (2015). Ekonometri. (10. Baskı). Umuttepe Publications, Kocaeli.
- Tonta, Y. (2008). “Regresyon Analizi Ders Notları”, Hacettepe University. Ankara.
- Torres-Reyna, O. (2007). Panel Data Analysis Fixed and Random Effects using Stata (v. 4.2).
- Sousa. V., Almeida N. M. & Dias, L. A. (2014).“Risk-based management of occupational safety and health in the construction industry – Part 1: Background knowledge”, Safety Science, Sayı: 66, 2014, pp 75–86.
- Yalta, A. T. (2011). Ekonometri 1, Ders Notları. TOBB University of Economics and Technology, October 2011. Ankara.
- Yamak, R. & Koseoglu, M. (2009). Uygulamalı İstatistik ve Ekonometri. Trabzon.
- Yıldırım, K., Mercan, M. & Kostakoglu, F. (2013). Satın Alma Gücü Paritesinin Geçerliliğinin Test Edilmesi: Zaman Serisi ve Panel Veri Analizi. Eskisehir Osmangazi University Journal of the FEAS, 8(3), pp. 75- 95.
- Zou, P. X. V., Shi, V. Y. & Li, Z. (2010). “An econometric evaluation framework for investment in construction safety”, 26th Annual ARCOM Conference; 2010 Sep 6-8;