Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Business & Management Studies: An International Journal (BMIJ) is a specific field journal which engaged in publishing in the field of Business and Management. The aim of the BMIJ is earn the national journal status in Turkey and be known in an international level and  browsing in international indexes. So that, it can be an alternative solution to the problem of academics about publishig their papers. By this purpose, the procedure of being a SSCI member is monitored closely.


Section Policies


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

Business & Management Studies: An International Journal (BMIJ) an academic peer-reviewed e-journal. All correspondence will be held in the magazine is carried out in the Internet environment. Double-blind reviewing process is applied in the journal BMIJ. Reviewers and the author(s) do not know the identity of each other. Scientific studies are sent to at least two reviewers in the evaluation process. 

If the article is outside of scope of the journal or does not scientific and formal characteristics, article can be directly rejected by the editor before the start of the arbitration process of scientific studies. Language or writing style is substandard then the conformational change may be required.

 Assessment Process For Articles Submitted in English

Scientific assessment and review of articles in English is an essential matter in terms of enhancing our publication quality. Articles in Turkish will be assessed in terms of English title, abstract and keywords by the Linguistic Editor.  If the article is in English, the Linguistic Editor will assess it from a linguistic perspective and will reach one of these three probable decisions:

Acception of the Article:  It has been decided that the article which is in English is sufficient in terms of its language. It is suitable for the scientific assessment. In this case, the article is sent to editor of the related department for the scientific assessment stage.

Corrections Needed in the Article: There are linguistic mistakes in the article which is in English. Before the scientific assessment stage, corrections in terms of linguistics are required. The article is sent back to the author(s). To be able to continue its assessment as an English text, the article must be sent back to the editorial board of the journal after necessary corrections have been completed. The article which has been accepted as sufficient after correction of linguistic mistakes and review is submitted to editor of the related department for the scientific assessment stage. If it is decided that the article in English is not sufficient, it is rejected.

Article Rejected: The article which is in English has been found insufficient in terms of its language. It is not suitable for the scientific assessment. It is sent back to the author(s). The article will be accepted for scientific assessment and sent to editor of the related department only if it is submitted in Turkish language for the application.


Publication Frequency

In our journal four issues are published a year in March, June, September and December. Accepted texts can be published in any issue that the editor determines.


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.



This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...


About The Journal

Business & Management Studies: An International Journal (BMIJ) is an international online journal that is published 3 times in a year -4 times from 2019 on- in English and Turkish.

The purpose of BMIJ is publishing the scientific research in various fields of Business and Management Sciences.

All kinds of transactions and the application about the journal can be made from www.bmij.org.

The scientific responsibility of articles belongs to the authors.


Publication Ethics & Malpractice Statement

Business & Management Studies: An International Journal [BMIJ] is an international, peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal dedicated to publishing scholarly articles on all aspects of business and management sciences. Available online and published 3 times a year -4 times from 2019 on-, the journal aims to become one of the leading platforms in the world for new findings and discussions of all fields of business and management sciences.


Business & Management Studies: An International Journal [BMIJ] is committed to maintaining the highest ethical standards for all parties involved in the act of publishing in a peer-reviewed journal: the author, the editor of the journal, the peer reviewer and the publisher.

The publishing ethics of Business & Management Studies: An International Journal, both internally and externally, are based on- and adhere to- the Double-blind refereeing process is applied in the journal BMSIJ. Referee and the author (s) are unaware of the identity of each other. Scientific studies are sent to at least two referees in the evaluation process.



The editors of Business & Management Studies: An International Journal [BMIJ] are accountable and responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The editor may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.


The reviewing process and publication decision will occur without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


The editor(s) and any editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest:

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript will not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review will be kept confidential and not used for personal benefits. Editors make fair and unbiased decisions independent of commercial considerations, and ensure a fair and appropriate peer-review process. Editors recuse themselves (i.e. should ask a co-editor, associate editor or other member of the editorial board instead to review and consider) from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions connected to the papers. Editors will require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication. If needed, other appropriate action will be taken, such as the publication of a retraction or expression of concern.

Involvement and cooperation in investigations:

Editors of Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches will guard the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct. Editors should pursue reviewer and editorial misconduct. An editor should take reasonably responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper, in conjunction with the publisher (or society). Such measures will generally include contacting the author of the manuscript or paper and giving due consideration of the respective complaint or claims made, but may also include further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies, and if the complaint is upheld, the publication of a correction, retraction, expression of concern, or other note, as may be relevant. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior must be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication.


Contribution to Editorial Decisions:

Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.


Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself/herself from the review process.


Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to, or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity:

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

 Acknowledgement of Sources:

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.

 Disclosure and Conflict of Interest:

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal benefit. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.


 Reporting standards:

Authors should present their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation. Authors should describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others.

 Originality, plagiarism and acknowledgement of sources:

Authors should adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been published elsewhere - fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. If an author has used the work and/or words of others, that this original is been appropriately cited or quoted and accurately reflects individuals' contributions to the work and its reporting.

Data Access and Retention:

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.


Authors should only submit papers only on work that has been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and that complies with all relevant legislation.

 Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest:

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Authorship of the Paper:

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

 Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication:

An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Fundamental errors in published works:

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.


Business & Management Studies: An International Journal, as the publisher of BMIJ, encourages the editors to follow the the Double-blind refereeing process. Referee and the author (s) are unaware of the identity of each other. Scientific studies are sent to at least two referees in the evaluation process. Publisher defines the relationship between publisher, editor and other parties in a contract, respect privacy (for example, for research participants, for authors, for peer reviewers), protects intellectual property and copyright, and fosters editorial independence.

 Publisher works with journal editors to set journal policies appropriately and aim to meet those policies, particularly with respect to:

-  editorial independence,

-  research ethics, including confidentiality, consent, and the special requirements for human and animal research,

-  authorship,

-  transparency and integrity (for example, conflicts of interest, research funding, reporting standards,

-  peer review and the role of the editorial team beyond that of the journal editör

-  appeals and complaints,

Publisher works with journal editors to:

-  communicate journal policies (for example, to authors, readers, peer reviewers),

review journal policies periodically, particularly with respect to new recommendations from the Double-blind refereeing guidelines,

-  maintain the integrity of the academic record,

-  assist the parties (for example, institutions, grant funders, governing bodies) responsible for the investigation of suspected research and publication misconduct and, where possible, facilitate in the resolution of these cases,

-  publish corrections, clarifications, and retractions,

-  and publish content on a timely basis.

Editors-in-Chief, Business & Management Studies: An International Journal [BMIJ]


Author Guidelines


1. Business and Management Studies: An International Journal (BMIJ) is a peer-reviewed journal which is published three times per year. Papers can be written in Turkish or English. Scientific and original articles in business and management areas are published in the journal.

2. Articles which are sent to publish in the journal can be written in Turkish or English. Articles which will be published in the journal should be proper with writing and linguistic rules. Scientific and linguistic responsibilities of the articles published in this journal belong to the author(s).

3. All articles should be sent via web site of the journal (http://www.bmij.org). Author(s) should prepare their article proper to publication rules of the journal and ethic rules. Articles which are not proper to rules are not evaluated. Articles published or submitted for publication elsewhere are not evaluated.

4. Articles sent to the journal are presented the evaluation of two referees by editorial board decision. Articles sent to the journal are published by editorial board decision after the referees’ positive opinion is taken.

5. During the layout process is running, author(s) should reply the messages, which are about controlling and editing article, within the specified period. If author(s) don’t reply the messages within the specified period, their article is postponed to following issue.

6. Articles that completed their evaluation process, are published considering their arrival date.

7. More than one articles of one author are not published in same issue.



1. Length of studies which are sent to publish should not exceed 20 pages including appendix and references section. Papers should be written using “Times New Roman” in MS Word. Studies should be formatted on A4 paper. The margins of paper should be 2,5 cm for all sides. Main headings should be written using 14 nk bold, sub-headings should be written using 12 nk bold, paragraphs should be written using 12 nk normal font. All material should be one and half spaced and paragraph spacing should be 6 nk. The first line of the paragraph should be indented by 1,25 cm.

2. Title of article should be comprehensible and proper with subject of the article.

3. Articles which are sent to publish must be must involve minimum 1 or maximum 3 JEL (journal of economic literature) classification codes at two digit level. The link below can be used to determine which JEL classification code is proper with subject of the article. http://www.aeaweb.org/jel/guide/jel.php

4. Citations in text must be done according to the rules determined by APA (American Psychological Association).  Notes must be added into footnotes with a font size of 8 font. In text citations, the author’s last name and the year of publication and page number of the publication for the source must appear in the text. If there is not an author name, institution name must be used instead of author name. For example (Yılmaz, 2008:15), (Öztürk and Akdoğan, 2010:225), (Öncü et al., 2005:10-12), (DPT, 2011:320).

5. Studies must include Turkish and English abstracts which not exceed 150 words. At most three key words must be written below the abstract. Abstracts must be written using italic, 10 font size. Line spacing should be single-spaced and paragraphs should be justified both right and left sides.

6. Subsections of the article must be numbered as 1. (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. in hierarchical numbers starting from introduction section.

7. References must be written with a font size of 10 at the end of paper. References should be started after last page of the text and listed with alphabetical order according to last name of authors If an author’s more than one studies is referred, source which has older publication date should be written first. If an author has more than one studies in the same year is referred, alphabetical symbols (i.e. a,b,c..) must be used with the years in references and also in text citations. For example; 2010a, 2010b, 2010c, etc. If any author’s single and more than one author’s studies are referred, his/her single author study must be written first. References must be written based on APA citation rules. (e.g. Last Name, First letter of first name. (Date), Name of Study, Place of publication: Press.)

8. The links below could be visited to get detailed information about APA citation rules.


Refree Certificate

BMIJ thanks to valuable scholars for assigning as Referees in the manuscript evaluation process with "REFEREE CERTIFICATE" and this certificate will be sent to their e-mail addresses when the first issue following the evaluation process is published.

Please click for the sample REFEREE CERTIFICATE.


Plagiarism Detection


The studies that are applied to our journal are firstly screened by the plagiarism program. Studies of plagiarism rates above 20% will not be accepted for scientific evaluation.




Referee Review Guidelines

Referee Review Guidelines

For the articles submitted to BMIJ, academicians who have studies on the article subject and are specialized in their own fields are assigned as referees. The task is assigned to the referees via an e-mail titled [BMIJ] Article Review Request. Those referees who get their e-mail accounts from BMIJ Editor can log in to the journal system with their username and passwords. In the event that potential referees do not accept to review the article, it would be sufficient for the referee to send an e-mail stating the decline.      



When the referees log in to journal system with their user name and passwords, they will see the screen below:



On this screen, when they click on “1 Active”, the referees will see the title of the article to be reviewed assigned by the Editor.




Upon clicking on the title, due dates and the review rounds of the article will display on the screen like the one below:



To start with, the referees are supposed to state whether they will be able to do the review or not.  Once they click “will do the review” the editor will be notified with an e-mail sent automatically. Additionally, the assigned article can be accessed on the condition that the review request is accepted by clicking “will do the review” button. The referee will have the access to the article in the word format and the “review form” becomes active on the third stage. It is kindly requested from the referees to fill out the review form conscientiously. Comments on the article can be made to the open-ended section at the end of the review form. Alternatively, the referees can send the reviewed articles in word format to the editor by uploading the file mentioned in the fourth stage. At the end of the review process, we ask from the referees to make a final decision about the article.         




We would like to say thanks for all those precious academic staff, each of whom have specialized on their fields, for taking over the task of reviewing the articles on behalf of BMIJ Journal Editorial Team.



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 Tarih (Date): 2015

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Tarih (Date): 2018

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Article Application And Publication Fee

Dear Author,

We would like to express our sincere thanks for your request for an article review to our journal. After uploading your work to the journal’s online system, please wait for the completion of plagiarism checking phase executed by the journal editorship. In the event that your article has successfully gone through the plagiarism check phase, deposit $50 via Western Union on payment and kindly send the receipt to the editor e-mail. Your article review process will start immediately after the receipt is received by the editorship. Upon the completion of the review process, if your article is accepted, you will have to deposit another $50 via Western Union on payment for publication. Your article will then be included in the publication plan for the next issue. The justification reports of the reviewers will be sent to you if your article is rejected; however, there will be no refund for the article submission fee. Thank you in advance for your understanding with regards to the rejected articles. 




Please do not forget to write the submission ID number and submission author name and surname as payment description.





Name: Ali Çağlar

Surname: ÇAKMAK

Phone Number: +905333718974


BMIJ Workflow Schema

The article review process in BMIJ Journal takes an average of 30 to 45 days.

Please click for the Workflow of BMIJ Journal.




Proofreading, constitutes great importance in terms of increasing the quality of an academic/scientific paper and thus; increasing the chance of getting acceptance from high-quality academic/scientific journals. A great majority of  journals, require from the authors to get proofreading service. Especially, the journals that are indexed in SSCI, SCI and ESCI, pay great attention to the language. In this sense, our expert editors ensure your document meets the highest standards with flawless language and precise formatting.



In academic world, it is of great importance to make publications in English language. In this sense BMIJ, has structured a broad expert translator pool, in order to help academicians who are not adequate in English. If you desire to make an international publication, our experts would be glad to help you.

Please send a mail to the journal editorialship for detailed information and fees.


BMIJ Editorialship